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Weekly Kansas State Journal from Topeka, Kansas • 1

Weekly Kansas State Journal from Topeka, Kansas • 1

Topeka, Kansas
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TOPEKA BLADE. TOPEKA. APRIL 17, 1879. Leavenworth has a champagne factory. Coal has been discovered in Ford county.

Kansas grainaries will groan with plethora this year. There are now fifty-three Agricultural Societies in Kansas. Wichita now claims a population of 5.200. Well done. Wichita.

Good potter's clay has been discovered four miles from Emporia. An unknown but fatal disease is attacking hogs in Jackson county. There are 59,674 acres of vacant Government land in Philips county. Corn planted in hills four feet apart each way gives 2,722 hills to the acre. There are more than three millions of acres of school lands for sale in Kansas.

Chatauqua is now turning out a splendid article of grindstone-the pure grit. Hereford cattle are fast becoming the favorite grade among beef raisers of Kansas. A musical convention is to be held at Council Grove during the latter part of May. Dangerous counterfeit silver dollars are still in circulation and must be looked after. The accounts from all parts of the State are filled with rejoicing over the copious rain.

Everything looks as if the present "short" seasion of Congress were going to be a mighty long one. Sore throat has app.ared in the character of an epidemic, and is afflicting the children at Emporia. The Arkansas Valley Editorial Association will meet at Newton, Saturday, May 3rd, instead of April 19th. Of the 15,000 people in Sumner county, there are only 57 persons over 15 years of age who cannot read or write. The Atlanta Southern Advance says the Democracy is in a very close corner, and the corner is ornamented with very sharp spikes.

Edward Felter and Joes Knight, of Lincoln township, Sedgwick county, were burned to death by a prairie fire a week ago Sunday. Some farms have lately changed owners in Mitchell county at about an average rate of $65 per acre. On one of them were a good house, barn and orchard. The medical societies will soon be assembling under the new law. We will take a good look at the late act, and ventilate it a little for their and the public's delectation and consideration.

Kansas has sustained a loss in the death of Maj. F. C. Bowles, late the efficient and respected Superintendent of the Kansas Institute for the Deaf and Dumb. He died on Wednesday last.

The term "An inch of rain" gives but a very vague idea to many people of how much water it means. An inch of rain on an area of ten thous and acres, will weigh about a million of tons. It is said that the amount of money transmitted through the United States mails last year amounted in all to no less than eighty three millions of dollars. This is all increase of nine millions over the previous year. The German population of Kansas will hold a grand Musical Convention, a Saengerfest, in Leavenworth next June.

This will be an event to be looked for with general interest. The man that hath not music in himself The Salina Farmer's Advocate says enough surplus grass grows in Saline county each year to furnish fuel for all purposes. if saved. Then prairie fires we'll have none, and the money made will be of the value of one-third of our other crop. The hay crop of Saline county can be made of more value than all else raised here if properly handled.

It is sad to think that the losses by prairie fires, so many of wbich have lately occurred, have not all been accidental. The fire fiend has lent his diabolical aid in some instances, and great has the excitement become so on this account in Morris county. that an organization for detecting and lynching incendiaries has been established there. 'The Chicago Post Office has been trundled about of late, a great deal. Within the last seven years it has been burned out three times.

Last week it was removed into quarters prepared for it in the new government building. This building, not completed, is supposed to be fire yet and it is to be hoped that the prof; Office now will have long and Post quiet rest from its many wanderings. And now come the Second Adventists, or by whatever other name they would be known, with a calculation beyond a peradventure that to prove world is to come to an end on the the 19th day of July next. There is one circumstance, however, that these interpreters of prophecy invariably leave out of their calculations, and this is the Divine assurance. day and hour no man knoweth, no, not the Angels in heaven." WEEKLY TO TOPEKA BLADE.

State Practical, Independent So for $1.00 per Year. Advertisements: 10 Cents per line, first publication 5 Cents per line each subsequent publication. Historical that city WAS named; Henry Ward Beecher, who always pleaded our cause; Gen. Wm. Quincy, himself an old sttler; ex Denver, and who will be for.

wally invited by the committee to visit the West at that time and take part in the meeting of the men who settled Kansas, and who now propose to commemorate the event in the light of the last twenty-five years. It is hoped and believed that our own State will turn out well at such a meeting, and make the Bismarck Grove celebration of 1879 the event of the season. Salt in Mead County. TOPEKA, That a very remarkable phenomenon has shown itself in the spontaneous appearance of a salt well in Mead county of gigantic proportions there seems no longer any room to doubt. The account was at first looked upon with suspicion, especially as the discovery was made so near the date of April 1st, which is so universally devoted to practical joking.

But the fact is verified by some of the most respectable and responsible citizens of the neighborhood who have personally visited the spot and who are prepared to give a substantially descriptive account of it. But a brief period indeed has elapsed since the identical spot now occupied by the salt well was unbroken prairie. Now there is a surface of brine nearly three thousand feet in circumference rising to within a few feet of the leyel of the prairie, and so deep that soundings to the extent of three hundred feet have failed to reach bottom. The water as described, in appearance and saturation resembles almost exactly the brine in the celebrated salt wells in Onondaga county, N. out of which such enormous fortunes were made by the manufacturers during tho war.

The sudden development of this saline magazine is certeinly very curious indeed; and while its erigin will form an interesting question for scientists, it is to be anticipated that much practical benefit will result to the locality and to the State by taking due advantage of the supply of this most useful article thus afforded. 'The Ingalls Investigation. A member of the committee on privileges and elections said to day that the allegations against Senator Ingalls were not of a character to warrant an investigation; that the parties instrumental in making the charges, chiefly Pomeroy and Clark, belong to a class of politicians who, having been discarded by the people, are now endeavoring to destroy the reputation of leading Republicans in the State who refuse to aniliate with them. Mr. Ingalls has requested the committee to make an investigation, but after examining the documents presented they have declined to accede to request.Special Telegram to Globe The above is as transparent as water.

It is but one more of the shallow artifices already attempted by Ingalls and his gang to get rid of the much and jnstly dreaded investigation altogether. This is at best, but a poor position for a man of Ingalls' ambition to occupy. Where he should himself bave taken the initiative and indignantly demanded an inquiry into the charges made against him for his own vindication, ho is content if he can but sneak unnoticed out of the scrape into which he has gotten himselt by his crimes. That "Mr. Ingalls has requested the committee to make an investigution" is toc thin for anything.

He should long ago have insisted upon an inquiry and should not have rested in a moment's content until the imperative demand was met by compliance. We all re-member the Southern cry of "let us alone." Does not this remind us of it Stock-Raising. In a grazing country, there is hard ly any pursuit that may be made more profitable than stock-raising. If conducted on anything like systematic principles, this occupation yields larger returns than any other derivable from the soil, and it has the advantages of being comparatively free from the contingencies that more or less frequently attend the cultivation of the cereals. Though no one can impugn the capacity of the Kansas soil for grain production, it is nevertbeless certain that, be its capability what it may, the profits arising therefrom are in no way comparable to the munificent returns that must attend the successful raising of stock of the various kinds for which Kansas produces almost spontaneously the best nutriment to be found on the continent, to say nothing of its climate.

These few remarks are thrown out at present in view of the extensive and promiscuous immigration now moving so rapidly into the State. There are among the new comers many men well enough fixed. to use a homely phrase, to enter at once into the practical illustration of this industry, and to such we recommend, without hesi tation, a full and earnest consideration of the personal and general benefit so sure to result therefrom. In renewing our reflections on this topic, which we propose briefly to da in a future issue, we will offer some figures EDUCATIONAL. Our Scholars' and Teachers' Column.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE COUNTY TEACH- BY. GEO. W. REED. It was but lately that we called attention to the general and marked improvements going on in the city this spring in the erection of handsome and commodious dwellings and places of business.

The fact redounds to the credit of Topeka and is in every way worthy of the spirit and language of laudation. But while the citizens have thus shown themselves both able and desirous to contribute these substantial improvements for their own and the public good, it seems only reasonable and just that the city government should reciprocate the feeling by bestowing a little more care on the approaches to the buildings referred to. In plain English, our sidewalks and street bridges are in a lamentable state of decay, and are at, best, little more then traps to catch the unwary who trust themselves too confidingly, to the treachery that lies lurking under almost all of the more than half decay ed and fractured planks that are: at present doing duty for more solid and trustworthy conveniences. The gymnastic exercises now necessary to preserve one's equilibrium while treading those perilous walks are barely tolerable even in this early soason; but the heat of summer will soon be upon us, and then more exertion will seem to be required than most pedestrians will feel inclined to exhibit. Curses, not loud mayhap, but awfully deep, will then fall upon the city council, or the street committee, or the inspector.

or whoever may be thought to deserve them, whereat they will all individually and collectively feel very uncomfortable indeed. Then the ladies, bless their hearts, cannot even go: a visiting or a shopping without tearing their pretty dresses on the nail heads that are everywhere bristling in the air to the height once occupied by the solid wood-now gone where the woodbine twineth, or to its native dust, or anywhere, in fact, but where it should be. And then the bridges! why, it is at the risk of a pair of good horses and a carriage, and goodness only knows how many arms and 1-limbs to venture over them. A plank out here, a side rail or two gone there, all bad enough in the day time; but when night comes, and MO friendly street lamp lends its ray, the danger is increased a thousand fold. Come, come, your honor and the council, come the street committee and the inspector, and give us some safe side walks and bridges, and put a lamp here and there, if it be only to make the darkness more decidedly visible.

A bearing at least may be taken from its glare. You have been 2 very good council for the last two years, for you have been honest and economical; but do not tarnish your plumes by allowing economy to descend into parsimony, for the latter is no virtue at all. Please to mend our sidewalks and our bridges. and give us an occasional lamp to help us over the most frequented of the dark places when we go out of an evening as the best of us like sometimes to do. Pray do up these little chores for our good citizens of Topeka.

and when you have finished then, we are sure that both you and the citizens will feel very happy indeed. Our Sidewalks and Briages. The Quarter-Century AnnIversary. A committee embracing prominent citizens from Topeka, Lawrence. Manhattan and Wyandotte met at Judge Ewing's office in Lawrence on Thursday last to make for the celebration of the twentyfifth anniversary of the foundation and settlement of Kansas, which will occur on Monday the 15th, September next.

The committee will specially invite many public men more or less active in Kansas affairs at and subsequent to the date of the event now proposed to be celebrated, and such persons of distinction from other States whose presence and participation in the festivities will contribute to the general pleasure of the occasion. Residents of Kansas are expected to join the assemblage without written invitations and the mitee hope that train excursions will be formed for the purpose, so that as many can chine as possible. A more delightful spot than Bismarck Grove, at Lawrence, could not be found for the interesting gathering, and the committee have been fort nate in securing it for the purpose alluded to. We bave the authority of the Lawrence Journal for naming as expected guests, the poet Whittier, who, it will be remembered, wrote a poem ON John Brown's Osawatomie troubles, and who, two years ago. in answer to an invitation, led the committee at that time to think he would like to attend the coming meeting; Wendell Phillips; Lyman (Trumbull, who stood by free Kansas in the Senate; Mr.

Sidney Evarts, then young lawyer, who aided Mr. Thuyer greatly in raising money in New York city; Mr. Secretary Sherman, the chairman of the Congressional committee who was sent out to investigate Kansas troubles: Amos Lawrence, for whom which will be found of interest not only to the agricultural but to the general reader. The Westward Movement. KANSAS, APRIL The New York Times in treating of the present movement Westward, and which is as vet but in its prime, says: "Whatever the explanation, the fact is beyond dispute.

Westeru reports contain abundant evidence of the renewal of the stream which severe weather for the time arrested. Inclement as the weather still is, it no longer retards the rush of people in quest of new homes. Additional passenger trains are found necessary at Chicago, and the routes which these trains are intended to serve indicate with tolerable accuracy the direction in which the spring pressure is already felt, Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado supply the greater number of objective points. From all the railroad centers west of the Mississippi. the statements are identical.

Trains are crowded. On the highways teams are as plentiful as though railroads were not running. Things are not quite so far advanced in Minnesotta and Dakota, where the season is two or three weeks later, but from both the information received gives assurance that the same condition of things will be experienced there. proportion of foreign immigration the movement, so far been developed, is comparatively small. Immigration is reyiving, as the arrivals at Castle Garden show, but not with the degree of strength which might be inferred from the general facts reported from the West.

Indeed. the movement which challenattention represents migration rather than immigration--the migration of Americans or of foreign born settlers who have been more or less Americanized. They go to stay. And their greater aptitude for life in a new region renders more certain the industrial results of the expanding area of settlement." Hard Times in the South. have made it." There is great political excitement The colored refugees from the South.

many of whom are now in Kansas, make bitter complaint of their treatment at home. Here 18 tho testimony of one of them, that speaks for itself. "I left the south because PI could not make a living, Year before last I made ten bales of cotton and never got a cent for it; the man of whom I rented said would ship it and when he was paid for it he would pay me. but he never paid me Anything for it; I sued for it, but could not got anything; they wanted me to pawn my horse and begin over again, but I told them I would not do it; and they asked me what I was going to do, and I told I going to sell my horse away, would not go therzo back; to the south again. because I could not live; cannot live there and give $1 for meal and $30 for a barrel of pork.

and $10 an acre for land and $5 for ginning cotton and then being cheated out of everything after Dominion just the Governor General is being handled without gloves. The Quebec Conservatives ever sinco the new ministry was formed have been clamoring for the removal of Letellier, lieutenant govthat province. The House of Commons by a majority of 85 demanded his dismissal, and after siderable delay Sir John McDonald asked the Governor General to l'elieve him. The latter, however, decided that it was his duty to refer the matter to the home government. In consequence the French Conservatives are greatly incensed, and their newspapers express in almost treasonable language their dissatisfaction.

La Minerce gives vent to its feelings in this style "The young man who represents the queen at Ottawa is not any better thin the land pirate who represents the queen in Quebec, and yet England asks our affections. Colonial subjects are intelligent enough to conduct their own business without interference from England. We are now prepared to fight for our rights, let the result be what it may. Friends, be calm. We are In the right, we are the mass of the people, and in the end will be strength." PURE DEMOCRACY, The Way a Southern Paper Deities Davis and Repubiicans.

how ft-how passing fit it was that the Radical party should breathe a final hiss at our Confederate President as its dying carcass was borne from the Senate Chamber of the States Union? Hating all that is good and pure, and grand and true, it was peculiarly proper that it should hate Jefferson Daris with a deathless hate. Its history was one long lie and crime. flung our country into the war. It murdered 300,000 gallant Southrons, like the common cut-throat that it was It gave our homes to the torch, like the common incendiary that it was: It plundered our pockets and coffers, like the common thief that it was It sent its jail-birds to lord it over us, and imprisoned the purest patriots of the North, like the common tyrant that it was It corrupted a whole generation, like the common pimp that it was Finally, with bloody hands and pockets bulging with stolen moneys, it fell before the wrath of an indignant and outraged peoplehood. But its malignant spirit was strong fin death, and while the rattle was sounding in its slimy throat it wanaged to utter a farewell hiss at our illustrious chieftain, Let this fact be forgetless.

It contributes one more shining leaf to the splendid laurel-crown of glory that circles the brow of our grand old Confederate President. It. 17, 1879. intensifies the immortal love and honor for our second Washington! We have captured the Capitol, and the name of Jefferson Davis will hereafter spoken withreverence in its historic balls, while his picture boo will yet grace and his memory will yet glorify the place Okolona (Miss.) Southern States. It is evident that the whole of the Democratic party will now he turned against the supension of elections north a as well as south.

They feel that they will never be able to carry their point in New York especially in 1880 unless the present law whieh has so greatly redueed illegal voting in that city be repealed. As a victory at New York looked upon as a pulse-feeler elsewhere, evry effort will be made to this end, and we may look for some curious developments before the "short' session shall have come to its close. A Glance at the Distillery. This enterprise deserves a short mention, from the fact that it is a strong corporation for manufacturing purposes, and calculated to give employment to quite a number of people, and a market for an amount of grain that the farmers would not otherwise have. The officers of the firm are David Weaver, President, W.

B. Stanley, Secretary, and N. G. Hayward. Superintendent.

The building is up, the machingry all in and the purchase of gruin begin in a few days. The machinery is of the latest improved pattern, for the manufacture of alchohol, and, fine cologue spirits. The alchohol still and column alone were purchased at a cost of over $6,800. There are over eight tons of copper pipe in the building. The motive power consists engines, one of seventy-five horso power, and a smaller one of six horse power.

Stock yards are being built in connection with the distillery, which will accommodate from 800 to 1000 head of hogs at one time. Active operations will begin on the first of May, running for a shorttime with a capacity of 100 bushels per day, then giong up to its full capacity. which is 400 bushels per day. The machinery was brought by Mr. Weaver from Toledo, Ohio, and he being a man with years of experience in the business, has selected only that class adapted to the grain cf Kan sag, which in his opinion, is ten per cent.

better than that of Ohio, for alcoholic purposes. How The Zulus Fight. Matables I know style of "From my intercourse, with the fighting. Ever since the dreadful tidings have had constantly before me the vision of that infuriated mass of Zulus, like thousands of savage gorillas, rushing on those devoted men of the 24th. The Zulus prefer and strive to throw themselves in overwhelming numbers on the weakest point of the enemy.

With dauntless courage and the fury oftigers they rushed on without the least concern for the hundreds falling in their ranks or the bodies barring their speedily as possible. looking neither to the left or the right, nor dreaming of hiding behind stones or bushes for a moment. They charged forward, for this reason preferring the open field. Naturally courageous and vain of their prowess, they firmly believe that they only need follow the above-mentioned tactics they must win the day. These are ruled by a savage despot.

They are trained as soldiers all their lives in regiments, properly officered, all, in fact, in correct military, style as nearly as they can When ranged in order of battle each man gun in his right small ahield is strung round his left arm and in his left holds a long short assegai. At about forty to fifty paces, they pause in their career, and hundreds and thousands of spears are hurled at the enemy. When within a few yards of the enemy they make one last momentary pause, only to snap the assegai short off across the left knee, and then their favorita handto-hand conflict ensues. Thus the fight becomes slaughter, generally ending in the complete success of the Zulus." Letter to London (Eng.) Times. -Accident.

APRIL SHOWERS. Atchison, April heavy. rain prevailed during Sunday and to-day, and telegrams from all points west and southwest show that the rain has extended all over the State. CONTRACTS LET. The Central U.

P. Railway has let the contract for building one hundred and seven miles of road. The contract includes three branches: one from Cawker up the north fork of the Solomon to Kerwin, Phillips county, a distance of fifty-six miles; one from Cawker to Butts City, Osborne county, a distance of about forty miles; and an extension of the Scandia branch, from Scandia to White Rock. The completion of the Kerwin line will extend the Central Branch to a point 263 miles west of this city, through one of the richest regions of Kansas. FREIGHTS.

Freights are being shipped from here to St. Louis three cents per hundred, and to Chicago at ten cents. UNDER THE WHEELS. An accident occurred on the Central Branch railroad yesterday, at Wetmore Station, by which a commercial traveler from St. Joseph, named L.

S. Behan, was instantly killed. He attempted to climb on a moving train, despite the warnings of the conductor, and missing his bold, was thrown under the caboose, the wheels of which passed over his body, crushing him in a dreadful manner, This is only the second casualty that has oceurred on this road in thirteen rears. SENATE. Washington, April Secretary the Senate, before reading the journal, read the following.

Note from Vice President Wheeler. telegram received this morning advises me of the dangerous illness of a sister, and summons me home. It will therefore be necessary for the Senate on its meeting to day, to elect a President pro tem." Davis of West Virginia, said that as there was comparatively a small number of Senators in attendance, he hoped there would be a delay to enable absentees to errive. At the suggestion of Senator Wallace, an informal recess was taken. It was discovered at the time the note was read, there was larger number of Republicans than Democrats present, and a messenger wag dispatched for Senator Shurman, but that gentleman entered the Chamber soon after the messenger left, and the session was resumed.

Senator Bayard then offered the following: Resolved: That in the absence of the vice-President. A. G. Shurman be and he is hereby chosen President of the Senate pro tem. Senator Price and Anthony moved to substitute the name of Thos.

W. Ferry, which was disagreed 18, nays 28, and the resolution passed. Senator Thurman was conducted to the chair by Senator Terry, the former remarking on the way, that "Turn about is fair play." Senator Thurman taking the chair said: "Senators, it is only necessary for me to say in the fewest possible words, that I sincerely think you for this your confidence." The Jourworkof then read. The Army appropriation bill was taken up and Senator Logan addressed the Senate. He thought the question now before this body of more importance than any other that had arisen since 1861, when the same sentiments which prompted the present legislation were expressed by many of the same men now uttering them, led to war.

He denounced the proposed legislation which had in itself being attempted by unparliamentary practices. HOUSE. Immediately after the reading of the journal, the speaker called the committees for reports. The only report submitted was from the committee on accounts relating to clerks. The report was adopted and consideration was resumed of the Senate bill for the purchase and construation of refrigerating ships for the disinfection of yessels and cargoes.

The bill passed with trifling amend ments. Mr. Chalmers rose to a personal explanation in regard to the ments made in the Cincinnati Gazette and Enquiry connecting him with the battles of Fort Pillow, and citizens of his action at that place, and in regard speech in Cincinnati by Benjamin Butterworth, he offered a resolution for the appointment of a committee to be composed of ex Union soldiers, and the majority of whom shall not be ba Democrats, to investigate into. and upon the charges. After the defeat, the resolution was laid over present.

The House then went into the Committee of the Whole on the legislative bill. Fighting Prairie Fires-A Bloody Indian Campaign Predicted. FIGHTING FIRE. NUMBER 188. CONGRESSIONAL.

Bismarck, D. April special to the Tribune from Fort Stevenson says: The Post was thrown into an intense excitement about 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon, by the report that prairie fires were raging with fearful velocity close to the outskirts of the garrison.g Col. Moore, Post Commander, ordered out the entire force with wet blankets, to fight the foe, and after three hours' hard work the fires were subdued. The wind was blowing at the rate of thirty miles an hour, and the flames spread very rapidly. Women children began packing their household goods, to be conveyed to of safety.

The fires surrounded the Post, and at one time it seemed as if it must go. Two soldiers and an officer were badly burned. Fort Lincoln had the same experience with a narrower escape. THE INDIANS. A special from Fort Buford, reports the Indians restless and beginning to move.

The Yanktons are dissatisfied and scarcely controlable. A scarcity of food at Poplar River and Wolff Point is the main cause. Runners from several hostile camps have made overtures to the Gros Ventres and other peaceable tribes with offers of presents, asking them to join their hostile movements. Unless more provisions are granted they will nearly all unite, and the tribes once cemented the Indians of this country will make a bloody campaign. The Southern Refugees.

St. Louis, April three hundred more adult colored emigrats have arrived from the south, for Wyandotte, Kansas, on and a large number of children, left the steamer Durfee. Chas. Prentice and Danuel Price, of the Relief Committee here, left by rail last night for Kansas to look into the condition of the refugees who have been sent forward to date, and to obtain information as to their disposal, treatment, They will report to the Committee on their return. The association has been organized here under the name of "The Colored Immigration and Aid Association." It will be incorporated, and will then ask for assistance in behalf of the refugees, and enter upon an active and systematic; plan of providing them with future homes, Hail Storm, Pensacola, April bail storm occurred here yesterday, a thing unknown before.

Hail fell as large as eggs, England. EMIGRATING. London, April striking miners are emigrating to the United States and the colonies. ERS' ASSOCIATION. The County Teachers' Association met in Lincoln hall last Saturday.

with President Werts in the chair. The minutes of the last meeting text books, paper by Superintendent Macwere read and don approved. The the uniformity of donald, was excellent. He made many good points in support of his proposition, that there should text-books. be a uniformity of He sandwiched in so many humorous remarks and happy hits, that he kept his audience almost continually laughing.

The subject of the paper as well as the features of the new law on uniformity of textbooks, were discussed by Messrs. Werts, Williamson, Thomas, Loveland, and Gage. The almost unanimous opinion was that the new law weuld better subserve the intersts of the people, if it required county uniformity. Prof. Thomas said it showed evidence of hurried legislation.

Among the weak features of the bill is this one: It gives book publishers a good opportunity to unite and raise the price books after they have been adopted. There ought to be some competent and the rightful person to make definite contracts with the publishers. Mr. Gage and others thought weneed have no fears that publishers would take advantage of the people by forming coalitions and raising the prices of books. Prof.

Thomas said this danger had been carefully considered in older States and wisely guarded against. After an interesting discussion for more than an hour on this question of the day, Prof. Thomas conducted a class exercise in Physiology. His subject was digestion, and he showed himself the true educator that he is, evincing deep thought and bringing out the most practical points. Mr.

Stone's paper on the subject of penmanship was laid over. Mr. Werts being obliged to go away, Mr. Loveland was called to the chair. The next order of business was the election of offers for the ensuing quarter, and gone of the teachers sought to have a little amusement by entangling the new chairman in parliamentary law; but Mr.

Loveland proved himself equal to the occasion, and decided points of order promptly and positively. The following officers were elected: President, H. Loveland; Vice-President. O. A.

Holcomb; Secretary. Miss Topping; Treasurer, L. T. Gage; Librarian, L. A.

Thomas. There was a larger turn out at this meeting than at any previous one; in fact there was a good audience. The number of ladies has heretofore been small, but at this meeting they furnished their full quoto of representatives. The next meeting of the Association will be held the first Saturday in May, and every teacher in the county ought to be in attendance, PROGRAMME OF THE COUNTY TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION FOR MAY 3. 1:30, P.

M. -A PAPER: "How shall we teach Grammar A. H. DISCUSSION Wm. Aldridge, W.

H. McCoy, O. A. Holcomb and others. EXERCISE IN PHYSIOLOGY: Nervous System." Josiah Jordan.

2:30, A PAPER: "How many branches per day can a pupil study JAS. WERTS. DISCUSSION: Miss Hattie Bowman, Allen Prior, Chas. Fox and others. 3:15.

A PAPER: "Should teachers use tobacco?" Miss Sue R. Lovell. Prof. C. W.

Slocum, of the celebrated Eastman College, New York, has just closed a most successful term of writing lessons. this city. He had a class of 85, a part of whieh he met in the afternoon from 4 to 5 at the Lincoln building, and the others at the Harrison school building in the evening from to 8. His agreement was to charge no one tuition, whose writing did not improve cent. In twelve lessons; this fact to be determined by three judges appointed by the class.

The persons appointed were Superintendent Butterfield, Prof. Thomas and W. H. Farnsworth, clerk of the board of education. After examining their first and last specimens they decided that every member of the class except one had improved 100 per cent.

But even this one thought he bad improved two dollars' worth, the price of tuition, We examined the "before and after taking" specimens, and the improvement is much better than we expected it to be. Miss Hattie Johnston received the prize for making the most improvement. Prof. Slocum has done a good work and we only wish he would stay longer. J.

H. Queen and J. 0. Butler, of Grantville, were up last Saturday, attending the Teacher's Association. The Jefferson County Teacher's Association meets at Grantville, next Saturday.

Prof. Popenoe exhibited the skulls of various animals at the city teachers' meeting this morning. His subject at these meetings is Zoology, and his talk was especially interesting today. He explained wherein the different skulls resembled and differed from each other. Flour and Railroads.

Now York, April members of the produce exchange in the flour trade wilt to consider communication from the general freight agents of the Erie, Pennsylvania New York Central railroads, notifying them that after Monday next, the railway companies will hold flour only four days. The dealers charge that this action of the companies is for the purpose of destroying the flour business of New York for the beneft of Western men, who will be thus enabled to transact their business directly with Europe. The Railroad Company furnishing Western men with extra faculties for direct transportation four from the mills to European docks. They Fear the Fever, Indianola, authorities already begin to fear yellow fever. The fruit schooner Anna, from Tuxpan, Mexico, for New Orleans.

being out of provisions, wanted to call at this port and get fresh water and victuals, but the Mayor beard of sickness on board, and ordered the doctors to and inspect. They found the man sick with what they pronounced billious fever, but as people in yellow fever countries can't be fooled with such "gaff, "the Mayor, refused to allow the Anna to City Council however permitted water and provisions to be sent on board. Subscribe for. the Topeka Daily BLADE, only 15 cents a week..

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