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The Washburn Reporter from Topeka, Kansas • 5

The Washburn Reporter from Topeka, Kansas • 5

Topeka, Kansas
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The Spirit of Puritanism. 7. MabFieWs' volutionizing the world in thought, in religion and in civil government. and liberty the fundamental principles of Puritanism have given to us, man in society; conscience in religion, and "the eternal permanence of individuality. G-O TO 725 Kaiis.

Topeka. Home, N. Phenix, Brooklyn, Connecticut, Hartford, Continental, N. German Freeport. For Anything in the line of Baker's Goods.

815 KANSAS AVENUE. m. E. Iljox NEGOTIATORS OF 1 AND 111 WEST SIXTH AYEENUK Money always on hand to loan on Real Estate Security. BUY AND SELL REAL ESTATE.

We sell Vacant Lots in Topeka. on long time, and loan part building monev. VrizeoratloD delivered by S. YT. Naylor at he First Congregational Church Monday evening June 11th 1888.

Puritanism was born of fanaticism A tali aticism of free thought and free action, that combined religious freedom civil liberty. It was a revolt of awakened conscience against unscrupulous papal power in Church and State. Law and liberty, thuugh distorted, formed the basis if Puritanism. I'lie English Puritan" says Lowell "pulled down church and state to build Zion on the ruins, and all the while it was not Zion but America they weie building." The Puritan or New England stands upon the canvas of history, a sombre, ungraceful figure, void ot the delicate colorings of gentleness, and the forms of politeness, with austere face and uncharitable mien. Nevertheless his peculiarities were transient, resulting from local circumstances, his real character au example of nobility, integtity and simple unpolished, but true manhood.

lieholuing his religious zeal we lose sight ol his work "and influence in the realm of civil and political liberty. He contended for religious freedom, but republicanism in principles of go vernmenl was the inevitable result. The Puritan was called a fanatic, yet he established our republic. He was branded as a bigot, yet he founded Harvard and Yale and instituted our public school system, He was said to be sober, dull, and incapable of true advancement, yet woe to the man who met him on the battle-field, or in the halls jf debate. The triumphs of such men as Hampden, Pym, Winthrop gave to us our b-jst institutions of civil liberty.

Traits of character are hereditan. Environment may temper and modify general characteristics, but the fundamental I principles of the ancestors appear in the decen-dants. "Heredity" says effect it depends upon generations, and generations depend upon the nature of their agents. Heredity therefore is at the root of the whole matter. Thus the New Englanders inherited the noblest traits of their ancestry and stamped upon the brightest pages of our progress the impress of their own character.

Desire for adventu'e and gain, attracked southern colonies to Ameiica, and for a time the coffers of the old world were filled from the new. The New Englanders sought America to secure free thought and free action. It is nature therefore, that New England should lead the south in producing, fostering and dictating those loftv principles of liberty, of self protection and of progress which were later incorporated into the Declaration of Independence and are to day the foundation principles of pur constitution. Thomas Jeiersou himself, testifies that his idea of self-government were derived from the government of an independent church essentially puritan. Since heredity of character is established the proposition that the spirit of Puritanism is prevalent wherever the descendants of the Puritans dominate is confirmed.

As Massachusetts furnished a home for the pioneer Puritan, so immigration from Mew England has spread Puritan principles throughout the north. We are apt to forget how great a propoiv tion of our northern population is descendant from those who immigrated to New Fngkind before 1660, and how important as a factor of the general government are these rison who kindled the spark that burned the confederacy. That spirit lived and glowed in the' passionate eloquence of Wendle Phillips. It flowed in the blood of Charles Sumner across the floor of the senate. By association it became the life and character of Abraham Lincoln, the' greatest figure in the grandest epoch of our history.

It animated the militant Grant. It inspired his heart and nerved his arm in crushing the chivalry of king cotton. That spirit saved the union; yes truly; saved it by the power of truth and justice, it by loyalty of the northern laborer: saved it by the spirit that gave it breath; and when citizens sovereignty rested upon the ebon brow of the freed-man, that spirit bound the wounds of the war in the soothing folds of its own emblem the old flag and with more rapid strides than ever took up the march of progress. Thus as a reforming element the Puritan spirit has wrought its most enduring work. The Puritan was the first political reformer who founded his views of civil government upon conscience and religion.

Never in America has the spirit taken a backward step The steady and incessant stroke of individual sentiment has forged public opinion. No shortlived benefit or temporary gratification has been the reward, but each step has been forward, each victory permanent. No where else has so much been said and done for human rights as in the path of Puritan descendants. Follow the track through the sturdy commonwealth permeated by the Puritan spirit and behold the church, the schools, the colleges, the monuments of intellectual freedom In that track are such institutions as Carleton as the direct product of New England funds and brain, while all over the country not only do New Englanders occupy the chairs of higher institutions, but are also leading in industrial, commercial and professional pursuits. In that track to labor in dignity, to teach in honor, to learn is noble.

Massachusetts, Virginia, the two great sources of distribution of American civilization; The North the South, the respective domains of this distribution. In the North Puritan traits, dignity of labor, general education, brotherhood of all the nation supreme. In the south characteristics of the cavalier, state sovereignty, aristocracy of the few, education for the few, labor for the negro. Here in Kansas whose broad fields New England stamped with the elements of progress. There Missouri which Virginia branded with the murk While Quantrell's band and the Younger rushing from their lair in Missouri visited devastation, rapine, and murder upon the ardent defenders of liberty and justice.

Jim Lane and John Brown catching the inspiration that thrilled the veins of, English Pym and Hampden contended for principles of equality and the eternal rights of human freedom. It was that lame spirit which swelled the magianimous soul of old Brown that tempered with better judgment and led the Kansas sons of New England to victory. The war and the subsequent diffusing of Northern ideas and influences have greatly modified Southern tendencies, but the dis linction of the two sections still remains, that of the Puritan and the Cavalier. The spirit of Puritanism has been preeminently a spirit of progress. Every great epoch in history has been a great epoch in the world's history, marking the decline of superstition, tyrrany and oppression.

It was the sun whose bright effulgence rolled back the mists of the dark ages. It was the guiding star which led the American colonies to liberty and independence. It is the open light of day which falls equally on the white and black. Yes, we are heirs to a Puritanism thrice 10WA-Rie? LESSEE jS- KXT-iS ROCK-1 SL AN DOUTEr descendants. Lowell says that "Many of MOST DIRECT, SAFEST, BEST, AND MOST CONVENIENT Means of inter-communication between all points in the States of KANSAS and NEBRASKA.

This great system presents the most comprehensive grouping of Central Lines in the United States, touching all principal localities in KANSAS, NEBRASKA, ILLINOIS, IOWA, MISSOURI, MINNESOTA and DAKOTA THE CHICAGO, KANSAS NEBRASKA RAILWAY Joins the GREAT ROCK ISLAND ROUTE AT KANSAS CITY AND ST. JOSEPH FOR CHICAGO, and points EAST, and makes close connection with all the leading Railway Lines for ST. LOUIS and points EAST, SOUTH and SOUTHEAST; and with the famous ALBERT LEA ROUTE to ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, and points in the NORTHWEST. By means of its central position, the substantial character of its construction, and its magnificent Passenger Equipment, consisting of restful RECLINING CHAIR CARS, magnificent PULLMAN PALACE SLEEPING CARS, and ELEGANT-DAY COACHES, THE CHICAGO, KANSAS NEBRASKA RAILWAY is enabled to offer superior advantages to its patrons, and to lead all of its competitors in time, security, comfort, and accommodation.

Among the numerous Cities and Towns on the CHICAGO, KANSAS NEBRASKA RAILWAY are: our National characteristics, which are some times attributed to climate, sometimes to institutions, are traceable to Puritan decent, leave New England out in the cold; while von are plotting it. she sits by every fire-side in the land where there is piety, culture and free thought." No! the spirit of Puritanism was not confined to New England. As the country developed Puritan principles like refined, a Puritanism that would neither brook persecution itself nor permit the oppression of the helpless. The heirs to no other spirit have based smaller claims upon their relation to the whole world. The Roman claimed his rights because he was a Roman; the Athenian, because he was an Athenian; but the individual actuated by the Puritan spirit claims nothing because of his birth, but every right because he is a man Above all the Puritan spirit has blessed society with a dignified sense of the individual man.

As an individual he exemplifies one of the leading traits of the Puritan, criticism and investigation. Herein lies the secret of progress, wrongs are righted, rights maintained. The spirit bequeathed to us by the noble Puritan permeates our nation's character and is the soul of true Americanism. It is that broad spirit which is bounded by no Clyde, Clay Center, Manhattan, Alma, Wichita, St. Joseph, Kansas City, Wellington, Nelson, Belleville, Caldwell, Topeka, Abilene, Canton, Holton, Salina, Solomon City, White City, urn II McPherson, Horton Jc, Hutchinson, Sabetha, YianKaio, nenngion, fire leel on the inarch of progress, A march both material and intellectual.

While on the one hand Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and all the west gloried in their Puritan ancestry, on the other Kmmerson, Whittier, Phillips, and Webster enriched the country in literature, oratory, and most of all sound principles of patriotism and of liberty. I would not pluck one leaf from the laurel crow 'is of southern patriots and statesmen of whatever rge, rt nnv it not be contended that the dominant principles north of the line of secession the. domain of Puritan descent have the most enduring, progressive and transcendant elements of our national character? If there is a new south to day it has been made new by imbibing that broad and noble suirit against which the oid south' rebelled. That was the spirit of Puritanism. Not only were the most active abolitionists of Puritan descent but earlier, when the church failed to denounce the infamous practice of slavery, when trade bowed the knee to policy, when statesmen permitted the stain of falsehood to remain upon our exalted declaration of rights, it was Puritan des-cendent in the person of William Lloyd Gar Pratt, Pawnee City, Smith Centre, Marion, state no It recognizes the rights of Greensburg, Beatrice, Phillipsburg, Peabody, Dodge City, Hebron, Norton, Fairbury.

It is a line of modern construction, with the latest and best improvements, and traverses the most important portions of the States of KANSAS and NEBRASKA, where there are opportunities not found elsewhere for the Farmer, the Merchant, the Mechanic, the Laborer, the Professional Man. and all classes of business and industrial pursuits. For tickets, maps, folders and other information, apply to your nearest Ticket Agent. Or to C. W.

FISHER, D. MANN, JOHN SEBASTIAN, General Manager, Asst. Gen. Ticket and Pass. Gen.

Ticket and Pass. Age Topeka, Kansas. the laborer and the oppressed while it dictates principles to the learned and rich. Into society, into the ways of commerce, into the marts of trade, into institutions of learning, into the halls of Congress, into foreign lands, always imparting nobility and virtue, that spirit has penetrated, and is re.

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