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Kansas Greenbacker from Emporia, Kansas • 6

Kansas Greenbacker from Emporia, Kansas • 6

Emporia, Kansas
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RECTOR WELLS' PHAMPHLET. NEWS OF THE WEEK. THE GREENBACK UH COLODATC. in accordance with the Prussian constitution, and the alk laws shall remain in force, but subject to declaration as to the manner of their l)c reenbacker. Enthusiastic Meeting- in Dearer, aressed dj s.

a. Wood. From the Colorado Creenbacker. 1 On Monday evening a large and ver respectable audience, with a goodly number of ladies to grace the occasion assembled at Mannerchor Hall to hear the standard bearers and other friends of Ihe greenback cause. The speakers brought down the house with applause, and during the speech of Hon.

S. N. Wood, of Kansas, the cheers made the welkin and the enthusiasm was immense. Hon. H.

C. Childs depicted the suffering and distress of the people over the whole country, groaning under the burden of debt and idleness. He plainly pointed out the causes of the ruin that overspreads the land, and plainly explained to the audience the only cure, lie showed the necessity there is of a financial change, and the increase of the medium of-exchange, the substitution of the greenback tor the bank note, and the immediate payment of the bonds, and thereby bring prosperity and plenty in the place of suffering and want. Mr. Childs knowing that the principal speaker was to follow him, gracefully retired amid the applause of the intelligent audience.

Mr. Samuel Wood being introduced, spoke in substance as follows: It is not without some embarrassment that I attempt to speak. I came to-night and urged Dr. Buckingham and Mr. Childs to speak first, that I might know what kind of a speech to make in Colorado.

I was afraid a Kansas speech might not suit in Colorado. I long ago learned that a Connecticut speech would not do in Indiana. I have been a Republican from my boyhood, and am a niettv good republican yet, but it occurs to me that we have been voting according to party prejudice long enough. 4- Both parties in Kansas have been try- ing to steal our platform, and I under- stand that the same has been done by one at leat of the parties in Colorado. Having fought for the suppression of slavery he was opposed to its further extension.

Men blindly vote the party ticket without examining the principles. He voted the republican ticket ever since Kansas became a state, and his voting it had not done him any good. He asked his republican and democratic hearers if their votes for these parties had ever clone them any good. have about 3,000,000 of men out of employment; never so before, ancj yet with plenty of wheat and corn at the lowest prices, starvation and want are over the land. Even mining camps are at a standstill, traders complaining of dull times.

There must be a cause. It is the duty of voters to find out that cause, and to vote their own interest. What is the reason of all this ruin Republicans sav we have reached resumption and good times are at our doors, and yet we see the factories idle and no money to open mines or other works. Tried to get capitalists to open smelting work, but was asked for a guarantee of a profit of 1K rer cent. The land is passing into the hands of the rich.

When you sold your farm it went into the hands of jour rich neighbor. No man can pay 10 per cent, on money and invest in any enterprise and succeed. Your farms in Jefferson county paid 10 per cent, for money and you will lose your property in time. Factories must do the same or stop. Labor produces the wealth and lawyers produce nothing.

The lawyer engages in a lawsuit and large sums 1 i ii u. v. cp. 1.1.1. The "representative money, which could in the colonies be converted at pleasure into land, labor and produce of every kind, could, of course, as easily be converted at the market price into gold and sdver.

A. prosperous people are generally well satisfied with the form of government under which thev live. Where in 1776, Dr. Franklin was examined before the Committee of the whole House ot Commons, he was asked, "What was ite.i.tenPer of America towards Great Britian before 1773?" he answered, The best in the world. They submitted willingly to the government of the Crown, and paid in all their court Acts of Parliament.

Numerous as the people are in the several old provinces, they cost you nothing in forts, citadels, garrisons, or armies, to keen them in Knl- jection. They were governed bv this country at the expense only of a little pen. ink, and paper. They were lead by a thread. They had not only a regard but an affection for Great Britain, for its laws, its customs, and manners, an.l vn fondness for its fashions that greatly increased its commerce.

Natives of Britain were always treated with particular regard; and to be an Old Enobmd ill i i of itself, a character of some respect and a Kind ofvATlk nvrtrmcr no In an evil hour, the British fi nvern- ment took away from America its "representative nionev:" commanded tW nn more paper "bills of credit should be issued, and they should cease to be leol nW and collected the taxes i hjiril silver This was in 1773. Now mark the consequences. This contraction of the circulating medium paralyzed all the industrial energies ot the people. Ruin seized upon these once flourishing Colonies: the most severe distress was brought home to every interest and every family. Discontent was urged on to desneration till at last "human nature." as Dr.

Johnson phrases it, "arose and asserted its rhrhts." In 17 to the American Congress first met in Philadelphia. In 1776 America became an Independent State. j.uh.e anouier iact as to what paper! i v- i .11. 1 money nas eitected on a smaller scale in more recent times GUERNSEY MONEY. "The States of Guernsev.

ha vine? de termined to build a meat market, voted 4,000 pounds to defray the cost. The notes were guaranteed by the whole of the property ot the Island, worth four millions. lhese notes did not bear any interest, nor were the convertible into the precious metals. They were tokens not possessing any intrinsic value, but only that conventional or representative value which thev received irom the authority ot the States 1 1 1 11 mi oy wmcn tney were issued, lhey were the symbols of the real money of the Island. They were worthless to anv other community than Guernsey and there- ore there was no inducement to their ex portation.

Conseauentlv thev remained permanently in local circulation for local purposes. I hey were inscribed 'Guernsey Meat Market Notes, and numbered from to 4,000, each note representing one pound of account in the currencv of the Island. They were legal tender bv univer sal assent. With these notes the States paid the contractor; and with them he paid his workmen and all who sunnlied mm with materials. lhev were ireelv taken by tradesmen for goods, by landlords or rent, oy tne authorities tor taxes.

in uue season tne maricet was com pleted. The butchers' stalls, with some public rooms constructed over them, were et tor an annual rent of 400 pounds. At the expiration of the first year of this ten ancy, the fotates called in the farst batch of notes, numbered 1 to 400, and with the 400 pounds of real money received for rent, redeemed the 400 pounds of representative money expressed by the 'Meat Market JNotes. At the end of ten years all the notes were redeemed through the applica tion ot ten years rental; and since that period the Meat Market lias returned a clear annual revenue to the States, and continues to afford accommodation without having cost a farthing in taxes to any in- labitant." Duncan on Currencu. Can it be doubted that, as this able writer infers, the system which enabled the States of Guernsey to build their Mar ket, which, it the restrictions on the issue of Representative money were moved, de- elope the resources ot that kingdom Butler Talks About The Maine Election.

From the Bston Globe. When Gen. Butler stepped on hoard the rain last evening, on his way to orces- ter, he was joined by a representative of the Globe, who requested an interview, and was invited to a seat beside the general. After alluding in general terms to the topics of ihe dajr, the Globe reporter asked: General, what do you think of the Maine election I think that a party which cast 520 votes in 1876, and 5,200 in 1877, and 40,000 in 88, is a healthy growing party. The babv of 1876 seems to be the stalwart youth of 1878.

I look upon the election as very indicative in tnis, mat, on running my eye over tne state i nnd that the reenback strength is in the country and arming towns, as it is in JNew lork. Pennsylvania, and the west. Like causes produce like results, and I found in my rip in the western part of the state of Massachusetts the same condition of things. The farmers are feelingr the dig ress of the times very heavily. They know thev have been neither extravagant nor speculative, and that there is no cause for the ruin that is overtaking" them except the evils of government in he administration ot finance, state and national, and they seem determined to vote for a change irrespec tive of party.

It is exactly what has been done in Maine. I think that the number who will be called Greenbackers, who will vote without any particular or especial reference to financial ideas, except that there ought to be a change in the finan cial action of the government, will be sur prisingly large in thia state. It would be arger tne matter nad been discussed and explained to them. Aot an Inspiring end -off. From the EuSl) Expre-a.

The Maine election does not give the campaign oi iriio the inspiring send-on we have been accustomed to having irom Blaine's state. We have lost two con gressmen, and one of them Eugene Hale. the loss has been to the Democrats, it would be cause for real alarm as to the drift of political results. They are, how ever, lost to that ''unknown quantity" this year's politics, the Greenback party, which we may fairly trust will be an invisible quantity next year in Maine as well as everywhere else, for the consummated resumption of specie payments next new year's will remove its last excuse for being. Improved the Chance.

From the Dallas Commercial Dem The Greenbackers certainly improved their Maine chance. quantity oi tnose metals." Wealth of pass from hand to hand in its progress butv ni i ii1 i CRIMINALITIES. DEADLY DUEL. John Riley and a man unknown, fought a duel with revolvers in the Catholic cemetery, San Francisco. They began shooting at ten paces and advanced, firing until they closed, when the unknown man placed his pistol against Riley's body, inflicting a dangerous -wound.

A HEAVY HAUL. Wm. Boone, president of the Mt. Vernon cotton mills ahd a director of the National bank of Baltimore, was robbed of $27,850 in bonds and $37,000 in cash. The robbery occurred in broad daylight, and at the busy time of day, but so far as known there is no clue to the perpetrators.

CASUALTIES. FUKY OF THE ELEMENTS. A great storm passed over the eastern lakes and across Pennsylvania and lrgima last Friday. At Wheeling, W. the rain was pronounced the heaviest and steadiest rain ever known.

There was a continuous rain all day yesterday and last night in torrents. The river rose twelve feet in the latter part of the nisrht. The creek opposite the city was two and a half feet higher than ever before known. The pikes in the neighborhood are badly washed. At Cleveland, the storm of wind and rain was the most terriffic ever known.

At Meadville, the storm did great damage. The creek running through the heart of the city overflowed its banks, flooding the principal streets and damaging property to the amount of S100.000. Several lives are re ported lost. At Paynesville, and Erie; the same renorts of the storm's urv are told and several lives were lost. A DAM BUST.

The dam above Wood's cotton mill, Egg Harbor river, New Jersey, burst last Monday night, causing great damage to property. When the dam srave wav the whole body of water seemed to burst forth in a single huge column, and the town was submerged a few minutes. Bridsres. lumber and coal piles, and in fact all things movable were borne away by the flood. The villagers were aroused by the crushing in of windows and doors, and the the rush of the current of muddy water carry ing lumber, sticks, coal and stones through the houses.

PREFERRED DEATH TO PAIN. Jas. L. Patterson, formerly of Louisiana, but lately of Lake City, Colorado, was found dead in his bed at St. Louis, with his throat cut from ear to ear, the act having been done by himself.

He left a paper showing the act was committed in consequence of the great agony he suffered from an incurable dis ease. FOREST FIRES. Forest fires have been raging on the north side of Columbia river in Oregon. Losses are estimated above half a million dollars. A public meeting has been held atVancouvers to raise means to relieve trie settlers.

FATAL, FOIXY. Robert Carvella, trapeze performer, fell fifty feet from a balloon at Phoenix, N. and was killed. THE FEVER SCOURGE. THE TERROR OF THE SOUTH.

-W at lit 1 "1 or another weeK the terrible scourge has raged throughout the cities of the lower Mississippi valley. To furnish coffins for the dead has overtaxed the resources of the cities south, and larsre shipments have been made from the north. The noble hearted employes of the Howard association have sickened- and died at their posts, and new ones have taken their places and labored to care for the sick and dying until they too have fallen and still others have come forward to take their places. Doctors have fallen and died by the side of the corpses of their deceased patients, and other men of medicine have come forward to die in the noble work. It is impossible to give even an approximate estimate of the number of deaths in any of the afflicted cities.

In Memphis at least one hundred interments a day have been made, and in New Orleans no less. Even as far north as Cairo business is prostrate and much suffering exists as a result. Horrible stories are told of the dead, dying and of those left living after all friends are dead. From every part of the North money has been sent the suffering cities by thousands and thousands. THE CAUSE AND PRVENTION of yellow fever must become a subject of not only city but State investigation aud legislation, or these frequent occurrences will seri ously cripple the progress and development of the entire lower Mississippi country.

People cannot do business or place their all of life at the risk of these terrible interruptions, and if something is not done Southern cities will decline. Nor can the bounty of the exempt country be always drawn upon to mitigate its horrors, for even charity becomes inactive when the demand is constant or of periodic occurrence. The case has to be met by society, and with us, the State is the only form that can employ the methods or has the means to do so. POLITICAL. MASSACHUSETTS DEMOCRATS.

The Massachusetts Democratic Conven tion was called to meet in Mechanics' Hall, Worcester, on the 17th. About four o'clock in the morning a crowd of the partisans of Gen. Ben. Butler broke in the doors and took possession of the halL About five o'clock, a. a Butler man sprang to the platform and nominated Gen.

Butler for Governor. Cheers were given, and the result was that the hall was soon crowded with Butler men. Speeches followed, by Mr. McSheeby and many others. Many of the harangues were very violent, nearly every delegate declaring that he would stay there till forcibly thrown out.

Another shouted that he would vote for Butler in spite of the devil or any other man. These remarks were loudly cheered. By 8 o'clock the regulars had all waked to the situation and at 8 :30 a. m. the Mayor of Worcester arrived with a posse of 50 officers.

The hall was closely guarded "to prevent bloodshed," and none were allowed to re-enter who once retired. Seeing the impossibility of holding a convention there which would not be controlled by Butler men by force, the State central committee unanimously voted to adjourn the convention till Wednesday of next week, at Faifueil Hall, in Boston. This action was rendered necessary from the fact that Butler's friends have secured all available room in Worcester, and the leaders also take the ground that after the mob proceedings which have taken place here, they can go before the people and lead the movement that will crush Butler. THE LAYOUT IX MAINE. The following is the result of the Maine legislative election: 65 Republicans, 2 Democrats elected by Republicans; 27 Democrats, and 57 Greenbackers.

Sixteen of the twenty-seven Democratic Representatives were chosen on the straight Democratic ticket over both the Republican and Greenback candidates, and will hold the balance of power in the House, the other fourteen were chosen by Greenback aid. FOREIGN NEWS. CHRISTIANS IN DANGER. The Mussulmans of the surrounding country threaten to make a descent on Erze-roum and plunder the Christians when the Russian troops leave that city. The Armenian archbishop of Erzeroum has telegraphed to Lay ard and Fournier, British and French Ambassadors at Constantinople, asking that steps be taken for the protection of the Christian population.

BISMARCK AND THE POPE. A dispatch from Rome says: In negotiations between Bismarck and the Vatican, it has been agreed that the church shall be ruled Can Paper Money Increase the Wealth of Nation? BY REV. JOHN TWELLS. This is a question often asked. To many persons it appears impossible that bits of paper inscribed with certain charac ters can promote the prosperity of a nation or increase its wealth.

But if the prosper ity of a country be promoted by the facili ty afforded to its inhabitants to exchange what each possesses for what he requires, a medium ot exchange inexpensive it self and capable ot expansion with the wants of the country and with its increas ing population, must be highlv beneficial The question proposed shall not, however, at present be answered by explaining- the true theory of nionev, but by an appeal to tacts. Land and labor being admitted to be the primary sources of a nation's wealth, let tacts show how paper money assists land and labor to create wealth. Look, first, at the great fact of the pros penty and wealth of the United States of America. As a testimony to their growing prosperity, let us take a short extract rroni a speech ot Ldmund Burke, on Amen can Taxation, delivered in the House of Commons so far back as the 14th of April, 174. Alluding to the Americans he says: xNOtnmsr tne nistorv ot mankind is liKe tneir progress, or my part, 1 never cast my eye on their commerce and their cultivated and commodious life, but they seem to me rather nations erown to ner- fection through a long series of fortunate events and a train of successful industry, accumuatinr wealth in ma.nv pentiiries.

than the colonies of yesterday; than a set of miserable outcasts, a few years ago not SO much sent as thrown on the bleak- nnd barren shore of a desolate wilderness, three thousand miles from all civilized inter course." Such is the recorded opinion of this? li tinguished statesman. And how was the miracle effected? David Hume, the Historian, shall answer that Question. Here is an extra rt, from his correspondence with the Abbe Morrel- let: COLONY MONEY OF PENNSYLVANIA. "In our colony of Pennsylvania, the land itself, which is the commodity, is coined and passes into circulation. A planter, immediately he purchases any land, can go to a public onice and receive notes to the amount of half the value of his land, which notes he employs in all payments, ana they circulate through the colony by convention.

To prevent the public being overwhelmed by this representative money there are two means employed; first the notes issued to any one planter must not exceed a certain sum. whatever may be the value of the land: secondly every planter is obliged to pay oacK into the Jnibhc office every year one- tenth ot his notes. The whole is, of course, annihilated in ten years, after which it is again allowed him to take out new notes to half the value of his and." This was the Monetary Svstem under which the American colonists prospered to such an extent, that Burke said ot them, nothing in the history of the world is like their progress." It was a beneficial cys- eni, and its effects were most conducive to the happiness of the people. Take the case of a family, industrious and enterprising, driven by persecution or misfor tune to seek a refuge in the wilds of the new world. With their scanty means they purchased a tract of land.

Many years of hard labor, privation and anxiety, would have been necessary to bring that family into a state of decent compet ency had they been required to purchase gold and silver by labor and by the produce of labor, before they could effect other improvements of their property. But half the value of lis land was advanced to the head ot the amily in notes which circulated as money. With these notes he could hire labor and purchase implements of husbandry and cattle; and thus where without these notes one acre could be cleared, cultivated and stocked in a year, ten would, by the assist ance ot the paper money advanced, be reclaimed from the forest and rendered productive. Thus hope entered the dwelling of the poor emigrant. Ten years found him with the whole of his debt to the government discharged, the proprietor of a happy home.

And the kind hand of a paternal govern ment was stretched out still, to advance to him again one-half of the increased value of his land, and thus enable him to clear more of the forest, and to settlf his children in new homes. Such was the system by which "a set of miserable outcasts" were converted in a short space of time into happy, contented and prosperous colonists. And observe here how completely the Currency Question embraces the interests of productive industry, whether manufacturing or agricultural. Paper Currency, or "representative money," as David Hume here calls it, would enable the English farmer to drain his land, to improve its cultivation and to employ more labr, just as it enabled the American colonist to convert a barren wilderness into fruitful fields. Hie means adopted for issuing a Paper Currency, through a public office of government, was suitable to a colony in its infant state.

In such a state there could be no body of men of sufficient wealth and responsibility to act as bankers. In an old country like ours, where capital has not been accumulating, bankers discharge the function which the government of the American colonies assumed, of issuing commercial money. Adam Smithes explanation of this system deserves attention: "It is convenient," he says, "for the Americans, who could always employ with profit, in the improvement of their lands, a greater stock than they can easily get, to save as much as possible the expense of so costly an instrument of commerce as gold or silver; and rather to employ that part of their surplus produce which would be necessary for purchasing those metals, in purchasing the instruments of trade, the materials of clothing, several parts of household furniture, and the iron work necessary for building and extending their settlements and plantations; in purchasing, not dead, but active and productive stock." Again, he says, "The redundancy of paper money necessarily banishes gold and silver from the domestic transactions of the colonies, for the same reason that it has banished those metals from the greater part of domestic transactions in Scotland; and it is not the poverty but the enterprising and protecting spirit of the people, their desire of employing all the stock which they can get, as active and productive stock, which has occasioned this redundancy of paper money." He also says, "In those branches of business which cannot be transacted without gold and silver money, it appears that they can always find the necessary execution. XEW CRATER. A new crater has opened Vesuvius in the bottom of the old one, and the lava is flow ing into the old crater.

GENERALITIES. ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL DEBT. The Treasury Department has compiled an analysis of the public debt from July 1860, to July 1, 1878. The table shows the entire debt, according to different classes, with the annual interest charge, debt on which in terest has ceased, cash in the Treasury at the beginning of each fiscal year, with the population of the United States, and debt and interest per capita. The highest point of indebtedness was August 31, 1865, at which time the to tal interest bearing debt was $2,381,530,294.

with an annual interest charge of $150,977,697 There was then the Treasury 88,000,01 and the debt per capita was 78.25 and the interest per capita $4.29. The administration of the finances by the Repub lican party has resulted a reduction ox this enormous war debt from $2,381,530,294 to $1,794,354,656, which reduces the debt per capita from $78 25 to $41 67, and the interest per capita from $4 29 to $1 97, beinsr a reduc tion of more than one half of the interest ac count per capita. The reduction of the debt and interest account since 1865 has been rapid and continuous reduction, figuring from to $4 per head each year. INDIAN WAR IN KANSAS. A special dispatch to the Kansas City Journal from Fort Dodge says a courier from Red Hill, on the Cimmaron, one hundred miles south of there, reported a fight between eighty cavalrymen and one hundred and thirty In dians.

Three soldiers were killed and three wounded, also several horses killed. The In dian loss is unknown. The Indians were well posted and made a stubborn fight. The Indians have sent their women and children ahead, several parties having crossed north within a few days. Forty Indians had teken Spence's horses rc his camp on Bear creek.

He reports meeting Dr. Day and brother, two of Driskell's, two of Littlefield's men and two other men, all well armed, one hour after the horses were taken two miles away. The boys reix connaent or overtaking tnem. une man was killed and one wounded at Collar's camp, These men were traveling through the country and were not cow men. Hi.

Collar was chased ed up Bluff creek to Mailey's camp, and thinks two of his men were killed. Payne's ranch was attacked. A brother of Wyley Payne, his wife and child were wounded, and two other women killed near Sun City. This news can be considered reliable. MASONIC BELIEF.

The Masonic relief association of Louisi ana has issued the following card The Ma sons of Louisiana, with profuse gratitude to sister jurisdictions who have voluntarily donated a large sum for the relief of yellow fe ver sufferers of the craft in this State, beg that they would cease their generous contributions, as ample funds have already been received. EQUALIZED SEABOABD KATES. The executive committee of the South western Railway association met at St. Louis last week, and equalized rates from Missouri river points. Rates to the seaboard will be 27c per 100 to Chicago, 22c to East St.

Louis local rates will be 30c to Chicago, 20c to St. Louis. KESUMPTION HAS COME. The Secretary of the Treasury announces that he will pay out silver dollars on currency liabilities, THE MARKETS. WEEKLY GRAIN BE VIEW.

We are indebted to Messrs. Lynde, Wright of Kansas City, for the following reliable review of the grain trade Wheat The ruling feature in this cereal during the past week has been the extraordi nary movement to interior markets and the sea beard with enormous exports. While producers show so strong a desire to market at present prices we do not look for any improvement in values. Foreign buyers fully appreciate the inclination with our farmers to realize early on present crop, and are easily pressed out of the market except when theyan name terms. Continental markets are held above English views so that English buyers are forced to seek our shores for car goes for their idle vessels.

This has increased the tonnage at Atlantic ports during the last ten days, and materially reduced ocean freights. Our estimate of a couple of weeks ago of the shortage of the French crops seems to have been under the mark. Present reports place the requirements for France till Aug. 31st, 1879, at 80 to 85,000,000 bus, against 25,000,000 bus. of the past year.

Prices in Berlin and Hamburg are higher than in the United Kingdom indicating but little promise of supplies being drawn from Germany. Austro-Hungary, the Danube Provinces, and couth. Russia have not average crops, Egypt will contribute noth ing, India's supplies will be limited. Austra lia shipments will fall below previous anticipations, and Chili will not be known. From our markets, tnererore, tne largest supplies must continue to be drawn.

France and Germany, with their meagre stocks can look complacently on our accumulating "visible supply, and English buyers, with free 'home deliveries," have no inclination to help us to higher prices. During the week values in our own markets have advanced 1c a bushel, on both spring and winter, while Liverpool markets have declined 2 to 3 pence per cental on winter wheat, and cargoes of spring wheat are quoted 6 pence per quarter. Corn Early in tne week there was a slight advance owing to rumors of frost injuring the growing crop, but witn nne weatner a decline followed, and prices are comparatively unchanged from a week ago. The reduction in ocean freights during the week permitted the filling of some foreign orders that were on the market, and an increased movement is noticeable to the seaboard. Foreign markets are dull and a shade lower.

Oats No change in values. Stocks in sight have increased 450,000 bus. and exports for the week ending 12th were 166,579 bus. Rye Export clearances nave been light, ana with a continued liberal movement to market. "Visible Supply" shows material increase amounting to 977,056 bushels.

Yalues un changed. quotations. Kansas City Grain. Wheat, No. 2, cash, 75c; No.

3, cash, 72c. Corn, o. 2 mixed, cash, 26c Barley, No. 2, cash, 85c bid. Rye, No.

2, cash, 33c bid. Stock. Steers, ordinary native feeders, wintered steers, native butchers' steers, native cows, 2.002.40. Hogs, fair to good packers, $3.50. Produce Apples, on orders, 6.ou(gt $3.75 per bbL; best fresh picked, f3.00-l.00 per bbL Butter, good to choice, 1315c Cheese, fresh Kansas, 78c Eggs, 15 17c per dz- Grapes, for choice.

Hides, green, per B. A.Q.blc Onions, 4055c Potatoes, 4050c per bushel in bulk. Chicago Wheat, Oct, 8787Kc; 88c Corn, Oct, 3636c; 36Jc. Red winter wheat. Sept, S8S9c; Oct, 90c Milwaukee Wheat dull, 90c cash and Sept, 91Kc Oct, 91c Nov.

New York Whe t. No. 2 spring, Sept Oct, 1.01 1.03 W. No. 2 red winter, 1.07"; Oct, Amber, Sept, JLOiK1-0- Corn, Sept, steamer, 50c; No.

2, 50c; Oct, steamer, 51c; No. 2, olc St Louis Wheat, Sept, c7c; Oct, 8Sc; Wc Corn, Sept, 34c; Oct, 34c; London Consols. 94 15-16394 1-16. Toledo Board adjourned until to-morrow, Sept. 18th, on account of the State fair.

No rex rt to-day. Liverpool Wheat, quiet; winter, 8s 6d Ss lud. Corn, new, 23s23s 3d. Lunch fiends are called "col oner cause they are always strapped. be no weaitn proauceu.

mnce labor produces i' i i a i i i i i SPANGLER TBASK. Ppbl'bb. EMPORIA. September 26. 1878.

National Greenback 'licked Labor Kansas For Governor, P. MITCHELL, of Lyon County. For Lieut-Governor, ALFRED TAYLOR, of Johnson County. For Secretary of State, T. P.

LEACH, of Neosho County. For State Auditor, A. B. CORNELL, of Russell County. For State Treasurer, A.

G. WOLCOTT, of Wyandotte. For Attorney General, FRANK DOSTER, of Marion County. For State Superintendent of Public Instruction, J. I.

FOOT, of Linn County. rr mnVf Justice of Supreme Court, H. P. VROOMAN, of Greenwood County. For Congressman 1st District, E.

GALE. For Congressman 2d District, P. P. ELDER, of Ottawa. Congressman 3d District, FRANK DOSTER.

POLITICAL MENTION. Secretary Sherman says the contest in Maine indicates that the Greenback party will supersede and take the place of the Democratic party national poli tics. They all laughed at the Greenback party a year ago. The New York Tribune eaid it had no principles and would never have any strength. The Tribune has, however, though thick-headed at first, got the status of the party through its wool.

But the Globe-Democrat still persists in the conviction that the Greenback party is largely composed of lunatics. The practical results of the Maine election are: A Greenback governor, unless the Democrats in the legislature unite with the Republicans a popular Tote of 40,000 against 5,000 last year the probable election of a U. S. senator sis the time of Hon. Hannibal Hamlin expires March 4, 1879, and the election of two members of Congress.

The political battle in Maine was fought directly on the financial question and the hard-inoney party has been routed. Occasionally a single gold standard paper will, by accident or otherwise, make a candid admission on the currency question and the evils of contraction. The New York Bulletin, in accounting for the Greenback drift in Maine, says "The greenback issue appeals specifically to the agricultural interest. That class of citizens are very generally in debt for money borrowed upon farms. Their loans were effected when the gold premium was high; in other words when greenbacks were worth from 50 to GO cents cents on the dollar." The only question that to-day draws out the interest of the masses, to the discussion of it, is the question of the National greenback.

It is the living issue and on it must hinge the interest in every election this fall. Thinking live men will grapple wTith it. It is argued, discussed and studied in the hovels of the poor and the palaces of the rich, and while the old party leaders hold up their sores and their personal claims of political consideration the men who rule the hour and move the masses are the sober hard fisted workers in the ranks of the young, vigorous, aggressive and victorious greenback party. The Greenback "lunatics" are causing no ordinary stir in political circles. A cabinet census was called on yesterday, and Evarts, Sherman, Schurtz and Devens put their heads together, and discussed the situation.

The question was how to stem the current and avoid results similar to that which transpired in Maine on last Monday. As to the cause of the discomfort of the Republicans in Maine, there appeared to be a diversity of opinion in regard to Secretary Sherman's inflexible and, perhaps, oppressive application of his scheme of resumption, and Secretary Schurz's equally inflexible, oppressive and inconsistent doctrines of civil service, the former offending the people and the latterv crippling and disheartening the leaders. It was generally admitted that something ought to be done to arrest the tide, and to restore the vigor of the party. The Democrats are alarmed, on the other hand, for indications demonstrate that in many sections of the country, the party, as was the case in Maine, will be absorbed by the Nationals. Hence the hubbub.

Ben Butler, in one of his late speeches in Massachusetts, in speaking of the original greenbacks, made a statement that is well known to be true by journalists who were in "Washington during the early period of the war. He says "I can tell you a curious little anecdote about the greenbacks. The secretary of the treasury had the right to issue that dollar, and he put his own face on the face of your 1 bills, because the people would see more of them than anv other. Great l.iughter. Hamilton's face on thev were the next and he put Abraham $10 bill which would He put Alexander le $5 bill, because renewed laughter.

Lincoln's face on the be rarelv seen trnued laughter and he thought he had done a very smart thing, until some wag got up a new arithmetical table, which was as follows: "Five Chases make one Hamilton, two Hamiltons one Lincoln. Prolonged laughter. Lincoln passed many jokes at cabinet meetings about these pictures, at the expense of Secretary Chase. Congress, however, was finally equal to the occasion and passed a law that no portrait of a living statesman should appear upon currency issued by the government. weiiiLii iet us legisiauj ior iauor.

i oe-lieve there is not alimeburnerin congress. Lawyers and presidents of national banks and railroad kings compose it. Capital will legislate in the interest of capital If ten men will not out vote one then la bor cannot out vote capital. There is no need of riot, murder or arson. Belmont on one side, Gould on the other, the one a democrat the other a republican keep the people divided into two parties, the one tries to beat the other as party men, but votes in the interest of nionej and the people can find no good in their votes.

But we can satisfy them both. Let the dead bury their dead. I find by a reliable republican document the circulation was $40 per capita in 1865, contracted now to $14 per capita. Money is a measure of value. We use a measure of value to avoid the cumbersome use of barter.

Republicans tell us we cannot make something out of nothing. We cannot make money without intrinsic value. The govt eminent says a nickle worth one-half cen-in intrinsic value must be taken at a value of five cents, and the silver dollar worth eighty-four cents intrinsically by legis lating sixteen cents into it by the govern ment is made a legal dollar. The speaker read a long and interesting quotation from Appleton's Encyclopaedia to show what money really was, that it had been made of many substances, such as gold, silver, iron, copper, paper, salt, co Lfish, musket balls and other material, and showed that the stamp or authority of the fovernment made either of them money, he bank of Venice never paid out a deposit which passed from hand to hand as money and never was redeemed. The only object of money is to effect exchanges.

If you give a mortgage for $100,000 and the circulation is reduced one-half, the debt is doubled and it takes two days work, now to pay the interest that one days work would have paid at first- Everything but bonds an mortgages shrink in value by contraction. Ihe government gives to the national banks of Denver. Will it not give a loan of $500,000 to the people of Arapahoe county and thereby lift the taxes from the csunty If it has money to loan" let it loan it to the people and thereby lift them out of their poverty. Better to do this than loan it to the rich who don't need it. A New York gold bug once asked, do you want to pay the bonds in rags? I asked him; Did you give rags for the bonds and now ask gold and silver for what cost you nothing but rags? During the rebellion gold and silver were more disloyal than the democratic rjartv was.

The confederate money was not- good be- utilise we wuipueu luk value Out OI It. The same would have been the fate of the greenback had the confederates whipped us. There are only two ways out of our present dilemma, by repudiation or tt i success of the greenback labor part-. We want to get out of it honorably. With hard times we can never do it.

Wipe out the republican party with its national banks, and the democratic party with its railroad rings. Work for prosperity instead of resumption and thus save the country. Take $2,000,000,000 and pay the bonds and get greenbacks into circulation. Pay off the outstanding dl.t and make it a blessing instead of a curse. A lady's vase ot wax Iilma wn ywAv'l for rum by her brute of a husband.) hough they were not modeled for 111 ll WM.

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