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The Topeka Weekly Times from Topeka, Kansas • 1

The Topeka Weekly Times from Topeka, Kansas • 1

Topeka, Kansas
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NO. 27. through, as it is very thorny, about like a very thrifty, large growth of Osage orange cane. It is very durable, and is Territory, in the aggregate amount to about 20,000 acres as timber lands, in the low valleys au entirely different vV riety of timber is found, in limited quantities The mesquit, of which there are W. H.

EARLY, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, North Topeka, Kansas. Office over Gregg's Store, Residence North side North Topeka Times. PUBLISHED KVEItY FRIDAY, A 91.50 PER YEAR, IS ADVANCE.

All commonicatious should be addressed to ROOT IRWIN, Ed's and Publishers, NORTH TOPEKA, KANSAS. sed by cutting up and planting in line for fence, close together, and secured in line towards the top by lashing some canes of same kind lengthwise the fence. Laurent, Third door west of Jackson Street. auswred night and day mJ CAPT. A.


Times Arizona is properly a mountainous country, although there are great plains and valleys in the country, more especially in the southern part The mountains I should think comprise about two-thirds of the whole area. These are not, as a rule, continuous mountain ranges, although such is the case to some extent in the southeastern and northeastern portions, with high peaks, but more generally, especially in the middle and south-westerr parts, they consist of detached spurs or picachs, peaks, with local names. In these latter portions the elevations are Lot great, usually from 5,000 The court hous plaza in Tucson, as well as some private grounds are fenced in this way. This variety produces a cluster of bright scarlet flowers, but no fruit. Then there is the choyer cactus, of which Practical DENTISTS.

HOUSE MOVER, there are many varieties, growing in bush form, three to ten feet high, with a A. H. THOMPSON, D. D. Over 1 Kan.

Av. (19) Topeka, Kansas. A. M. CALL AH AM, DENTIST, 110 Sixth East, 4y Top-ka, Kansas.

North Topeka, Kansas. Order! lfft at the North Topeka Postoffice. 3-6m two varieties, is common throughout the Territory, below an altitude of 4,000 feet. It is very hard, solid wood, fully equal to hickory for fire-wood, and produces the true gum Arabic of commeree, which exudes from the tree similar to the gum of the common cherry tree. It also produces a bean which is eaten both in a dry and green state by the Indians, and which has a pleasant, sweetish taste.

Its fattening qualities ire excellent, and stock of all kinds being fond of the bean, will fatten on it in a few weeks. The largest growth of the mesquit is found in the valley of the Santa Cruz, near Tucson, and at different points in the Gila and Colorado river valleys. One variety produces a bean pod somewhat similar to the Lima bean or the common string bean of the northern gardens, the others being something like a mass or bunch of screws, is called the screw bean. The Indians collect large quantities of both varieties, which when dried they grind into flour on their "metal" stones, mix with water and drink for food, living on it for weeks at a time. Wherever there is a good H.

FENSKY, Manufacturer of C. A. STULTS, DENTIST. OAce, HiT Kansas over Funk Hat Stor. LIGHT WAGONS AND BUGGIES, All i-t Repairing Promptly Attended to.

rhovse Shoeing a Specialty." to 10,000 feet elevation, the plains or val ley being from 500 to 2,500 feet. These mountains are mostly, especially the lower ones, bald, or without much timber, oak being found at from 4,000 to 6,000, and pine from 0,000 to 10,000 feet, with some other kinds intermixed between. The snow does not fall to any great extent on these, and does not remain more than three to five months of the year, while in the more northern part, and especially the northeastern, which are the highest, and similar to the San Juan region of Colorado which it joins. The mountains Always on hand a supply of good Spring Dr. T.

DeOBERT, DENTIST, 205 Kansas Avenue, Topeka, Kans. 34 Wagons, which will sold at low prices. Shop near th- Bridge. North Topeka, Kan. I2y M.

F. SCHWCERTZ, PRACTICAL OCULIST, Even Id ne ta ud i Removes Cat S. E. MARTIN, M. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Office, 110 Sixth East, Topeka.

Kansas. crop of mesquit beans, as is now the case here, you will surely see very fat cattle. aracts, Cures lutlauiatiou, (granulation, and al other Diseases ot tUe Eye. Terms reasouauie. Generally on the plains the mesquit is a Schwceitz Hrtir Restorer Warranted to prevent Lalaness and restore the mere shrub or bush, some three to ten feet in height, but in favorable localities, like the upper vallev of the Santa Cruz, JAMES J.

HITT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OKFCE: N.W. cor. 5th and Kansas Avenue, ttm3 with Rudolph St Larned, Topeka. Kansas. Hair in every case, without Hurting tne scaip.

Call and get a Trial Bottle. Ot4osite P. North Topeka, Kan. are from 6,000 to 12,000 feet elevation, there being some very prominent peaks, among which the most prominent is the San Fraucisco which towers above his fellows to the height of 13,000 feet. On the upper portions of these northern mountains are fine level plateaus, covered generally with pine, fir, spruce, juniper, cedar and other kinds of timber, with clear, sparkling mountain springs bursting out at short intervals, at which points Gs-Boiu' Felons Cured, and Teeth Pulled in the v4n4 most skilful manner.

for instance, it attains a height of 20 to 60 feet. Scattered thinly along the valley give it the appearance of an old orchard, the tree resembling very much in appearance the common mulberry of Kansas, except that the leaves are like the sensitive plant of our prairies. As we drove through the groves for miles be M. T. CAMPBELL, A AT LAW, AND NOTARY PUBLIC, Tvpeka; Kansas.

PHILLIPS' LIVERY, FEED SALE STABLE. Railroad east of Adams' block, NORTH TOPEKA, KANSAS First-class Stock, Carriages, Buggies, on hand at Panic Prices, for cash. Good Driver famished to convey parties to all portions of th country. 22 L. M.

PHILLIPS. fore reaching Tucson, I could, in passing near or under the trees, from my seat on multitude of branches, having thorny prongs, and have a white flower, but no fruit. These are a great curiosity indeed, and I noticed along the roadside in many places birds had their nests safely placed in the tops of some of them, and I am very sure no naughty boys or snake could approach near enough to rob them. Then the common prickly pear cactus is distributed over all the Territory. It ha different colored flowers and a pear-shaped edible fruit, with a pleasant acid taste.

The barrel cactus resembles the giant, except in height it only attains about ten feet and is about the diameter of a barrel. The niggerhead is about the size of a cabbage and covered with large, crooked thorns, like a cat's claws, and full as sharp. Besides these are many others, but I fear you will tire of hearing of them all. The mazney plant, common iu this region and known in New Mexico as the mescal plant, is one of the most useful and important of all the indigenous hints of the country. It grows quite profusely in some sections, producing a bulbous-like root, partly in and partly above ground, which is rich in saccharine matter.

These bulbs are from the size of a cabbage to a bushel basket, and when roasted are sweet and delicious. The leaves grow from the root aud are long and thorny pointed, and in the center, between them, arises a stalk to the height of ten feet or more with flowers on the end forming pods which contain the seed. The juice of the plant when boiled down makes a good syrup. A liquor is made from the plant by distillation and which is a favorite drink of the Mexicans. The fiber of the leaves is strong, and from it ropes are made and used quite extensively among the Indians and Mexicans.

Another plant called the amole, with leaves similar to the mescal, has a bulbous root, and is very valuable for use in cleaning clothing, and it is said makes a very excellent wash for the hair, giving it a soft and glossy appearance. The blossoming willow, found along the streams, is very beautiful, having flowers resembling in form, color and size the honeysuckle. But the most remarkable of the willow species is a variety that grows to considerable size and frequently in large clumps along the dry sandy plains, having no leaves at all, but the whole surface of the tree, and branches have a fresh green color, so that at a little distance it looks like a tree in full fresh foliage. It is called palo verde I know you have been tired of this for a very long time, and so have but could not find a stopping place, there is so much of interest; but I must stop now, and may at some future time give you some notes about the city of Tucson, the N. B.

ARNOLD, COUNSELOR AT LAW, And Confidential Adviser. Office in Gregg's Block, over Post Office. North ToJeka, Kansas. the top of the stage, pull large quantities of the bean pods, and multitudes of cat tle could be seen resting quietly in the shade, all fat as butter. Any lucky own er of a ranche of this kind of timber, or even brush, has a soft thing as cattle DR.

M. R. MITCHELL, i t's Block, Corner Kan. Av. and Norils k.

In Kistle acquire no provision or shelter to be prepared for the winter, the bean crop being Kansas. North Topeka, good, what cannot be reached green state will fall when ripe, and is eaten JAMES M. STEEL, then. The Pinon pine which grows along the lower line of the large pine forest, Meat Market, and is intermixed with the juniper for E. W.


18,000 Acres of desirable Lands, Improved and Uu-improved, in Jefferson, Jackson and Shawnee Cwuutien, to be Sold on easy Terms. Lauds Bought and Sold. Taxes Paid, and Lands looked after for Non-Residents. Abstracts of Titles furnished. 15 pe ial attention paid to making Collections, ENTERPRISE ests, is excellent for fire-wood, though it aFKeeps constantly on hand Fresh Meats and Poultry.

North Topeka. Kansas. Fresh fish Thursdays and Fridays. CITY Meat Market No. 76, North ot Railroad.

Iron Works! Near Inter-Ocean Mills, North Topeka, Kansas. lines 3i.Il kiiiils of Blacksmith and Maehi Work. repairs Plows, Threshers, Reapers, Safes, Printing Presses, etc. fc5PSpecialattention given to Mills and Elevators, Boilers and Engines. Pric Low and all work Warranted.

Parties wanting Bargains in new or second-hand Machinery or Boilers ot all kinds woul I do well to ED. BUECHNER, Sells Choice Meats of all kinds in Bulk or Cut Up. He always keeps ou hand nice Corned Beef, Picketed Pork, Lard, and all kinds of Cored of hit own packing. Dealing in all kinds of FAT STOCK! Made a Specialty. mining, agricultural and grazing interests, M.

R. D. give us a call before purchasing elsewhere. Until then, adieu. 22 CRANDALL PAINE, Prop's.

READ READ 1812 1 ESTABLISHED 1873 there are generally open plats, covered with wild clover and ether grasses which here grow very luxuriantly, and here is found great abundance of game, and the streams are stocked with the choicest of fish. CLIMATE. Of course there is a great diversity of surface, with high and low altitude in close proximity, especially at a low latitudesay 32 cleg. there must of necessity be a great variety of climate, embracing the northern States to that of the extreme sunny South. On the highest mountain peaks, from 10,000 to 13,000 feet in height, snow falls to a great depth and remains in places from six to ten months of the year, while at an altitude of 8,000 feet it will be but from two to four feet, and remain from one to ihree months, and at an altitude of 6,000 feet (that of Prescott for instance) there will be but a few inches to a foot 01 more, remaining a lew days only, about as with us in Kansas at 1,000 feet elevation.

Then coming down to an altitude of 4,000 feet, which is that of Mineral Park, Camp Grant and many other places in the upper valleys, there is little if any snowfall, though quite chilly winters and delightful summers. Coming down again to the principle large plains and valleys like those where Tucson, Florence, Phcenix aud other towns are located at an altitude of 1,500 to 2,000 feet, snow is almost wholly unknown, the winters being extremely mild and pleasant, the summers very warm and dry, with continued warm weather for many months. Although the thermometer here runs high, often -way above an hundred, trying hard to get out of the top, yet, owing to the pure, rari-fied condition of the atmosphere, and cool nights, the human system keeps in a healthy tone so that with the thermometer indicating 120 deg. or more, cases of sun unknown, so far asjl can learn. Although the sun's rays are scorching hot during a good part of the day, the sky being cloudless, still in the shade is nearly always more or less breeze of air that feels very refreshing, and I notice that people do not appear to perspire as usually seen in warm weather, but which appearance I think is owing to the condition of the atmosphere, causing it to be in a manner imperceptible.

The nights, especially after about midnight, are delightfully cool and refreshing, and I have found, so far, that between 2 and 5 o'clock a. a person requires one or two good blankets over to rest comfortably aud I see persons sleeping on the house-tops, or on the ground (a very common practice), cover their entire person, head and all, with a pair of heavy blankets as I would use in winter at home. So you see there may be had summer, fall or winter weather, to one's liking, by verylittle distance traveled to to find it all within two or three days time, at any season of the year. SEASONS. While in California the year is divided into two seasons, the wet and dry, nearly equal here it is different.

As a rule there are two rainy seasons each year, one of which is usually the months of February and March and the other July and August, but are sometimes varied, to come earlier or later. Although this Is the prevailing rule, still sometimes the summer rains fail to come to the valleys and plains, but is confined to the mountains, where it is always much the greater, and where the annual rain-fall ranges from 12 to 10 inches, while in the plains and valleys it will be but from one to twelve inches. PLANTS, ETC. Very many of the plants and flowers are those of tropical climes, there being very few with which I have been familiar, although I have seen specimens in the Government gardens at Washington City, and io other collections at other places. The timber of the mountains, the main large tracts being in the northern, eastern and southeastern portions, which with other smaller tracts throughout the ROTHENBE RGER Proprietors of the Topeka Cooper Shop Manufacturers and Dealers iu Cooperage of all Kinds.

Shop 011 Curtis Street, near the Distillery. Breweries, Vinegar Factories, Flouring Mills, Packing Houses, in want of anything iu the line of cooper work at lowest prices, would do well to call and examine goods. Repairing on short notice. Farmer's Butter Tubs a Specialty. 24 Citizens Bank.

NORTH TOPEKA, KANSAS. a Bauk of Discount and Deposit. COLLECTIONS made iu all accessible points. Issue drafts on all the principal cities iu the United states and Europe. J.

Thomas, Cashier. Pktbk Smith. Ass't Cashier grows very scrubby, and it produces the Pinon pine nut in great quantities, which is quite an article of diet among Indians, and is also relished by the whites, being sold in market in the same manner as the peanut. FLOWERING PLANTS. So large a proportion of the trees and plants of Arizona are covered with thorns, some one objecting to the country has 6aid that everything that grew there had a thorn," and which is almost literally true, even to the horned toads, and horned snakes, a sample of each of which I saw captured on the trip up the Gila.

I am not here to quarrel with nature, on account of the style of production with which she has supplied this region, but rather to notice a few of the most important uses they can be made to serve. Of the cactus family (order Cactacete) I am informed there are over one hundred varieties. They are of all forms and sizes, from the tiny cross cactus, like two needle points crossed, to the giant cactus tree (Cereus gigenteum), which is the most wonderful of all living plants I have ever seen. It grows to the height of a forest tree often found sixty feet high, with a diameter of three or more feet, and often may be seen scattered along the sandy plain where nothing else will grow, and sometimes they will be entirely clear and free from any limb or branch of any kind, sometimes a few branches near the top growing out laterally one or two feet, thea turn up like a crooked elbow, and run up parallel with the parent stem. Again some have the branch turn down, instead of up, but always void of any leaf or twig.

Some of them have trunks ap parently of same size a large part of their height, then again some are double the size at twenty feet from the ground. Thay look at a little distance like an enormous green cucumber set up on end in the sand, but on closer inspection prove to be ridged, or supported by ribs, of very great strength and toughness. These ribs are from one to two inches in thickness, and about the same distance apart, and extend from the root of the plant to its top. It is said to be long lived, and while young the interstices between the ribs and the interior part is filled with a dark green substance, resembling green pumpkin. When the tree dies this dries up and is blown away, but the ribs being strong, durable and elastic, are gathered and saved with care being very useful for many purposes they are used for covering the adobe houses (which are here the only kind built), on which is put the earth covering.

On the apex of the tree, when vigorous, as also on the end of its limbs, are beautiful white flowers, which produce a delicious pear-shaped fruit, about the size of the common pear, which has the combined flavor of the peach, strawberry and flg. It is gathered in large quantities by the Indians, and eaten and sold in market. At this season they may oe seen in many places in every town exposed for sale, with other fruits. Another variety of the cactus is the ocotea, growing upright to a height of ten to twenty feet, in bunches of from twenty to fifty from one root. It is quite extensively used for fencing corral Is, or any place where it is desired nothing shall climb over or AT DRUGS! Medicines, THE CURRENCY QUESTION.

Notwithstanding the fact that thousands of our people are at present worrying themselves almost to death oyer this vexed question, even to the extent of neglecting their business, their homes and their duty to their families, there are still thousands upon thousands of smart, hard working, intelligent men pouring into the great Arkansas Valley, the garden of the west, where the Atchison, Topeka, Santa Fe Railroad offers them a choice of 2,500,000 acres of the finest farming lands in the world at almost their own prices. If you do not believe it, write to the undersigned, who will tell you where to get a cheap land exploring ticket, and how, at a moderate expense, you can see for yourself and be convinced. W. F. WHITE, Gen'l Pas, and Ticket Ag't.

LippincoW Magazine. Monthly. 4.00 per annum; 35 cts. single No. Philadelphia.

J. B. Lippincott Publishers. Lippincott's Magazine for September has three beautifully illustrated articles, all well suited to the season. The concluding paper on "Catskill and the Catskill Region" breathes the very spirit of that land of mountains and of fell L.

Lejeune gives a sprightly account of the fashionable French watering-place, Trou-ville; and Dr. Felix L. Oswald continues his entertaining Summerland Sketches. An Ascent of the Matterhorn," by Charles P. Howard, gives a vivid account of the perilous climbing practised by adventurous Alpine tourists while Woman's Position in Germany," by Marriott Pyne, presents a picture of domestic life that contrasts strangely with American customs and ideals.

John Austen Stevens discusses the character of Marie Antoinette in conjunction with the careers of her two favored and ill-fated admirers, Lauzun and Fersen, names that have a place in American as well as European history. There are several stories in the number His New Birth," a graphic sketch of life and manners in Colorado, "My husband's Hobbies." a satire on Collectors," Mr. Carmichael's Cor-, version." "Through Winding Ways" approaches completion, and the interest is weli-sustained in the present installment. The "Gossip is full of bright and entertaining papers. The most popular and fragrant perfume, of the day, "Hackmetack" try it.

Sold, by W. N. Angle, druggist. 48eow. LYMAN'S New Warehouse You will find it brim full of all kinds of IMPLEMENTS He has Five Different Kinds of SULKY PLOWS, And all Sizes of Walking Plows, Stalk Cutters, Cultivators, Seeders, Keystone Coin Planters, Cheek Rowers, Harrows aud Drills.

Oils, AND GLA At Lower Figures than ever before Offered. Call and see me. I MEAN BUSINESS. A. J- ARNOLD, North of Railroad, NORTH TOPEKA.

Sign of the Big Mortar. He makes a Specialty of the IMPLEMENT PUMP WAGON BUSINESS, And can give yon BOTTOM PRICES for anything in bis line. 1 Remember the Place, North of Railroad. NORTH TOPEKA, KANSAS..

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